Tuesday, 26 January 2016

1. seeking permission, 2. seeking explanation 3. offering help


1. seeking permission
    
formal
semi-formal
informal

Would you mind if I
 close the window?

response:
Not at all.


Do you mind if I
 close the window?

response:
Not at all. / It’s (That’s) okay.

no permission is needed.

May I leave?

response:
You may. /
No, you may not.


Can I leave?

response:
Yes./ You can./ No./ You cannot.

You’ll just leave (or)
say, ‘I’m leaving.’

Could (Might) I use
 your phone?

response:
Yes./ No.


Can I make a call/ use your
 phone?

response:
Yes. / Okay.

I want to make a call. 


response:
go ahead. 

Would you let me watch
 the tennis match?

response:
Yes. / No.

Will you let me watch the
 the tennis match?

response:
Yes. / No.


You’ll just switch on the
  TV. / I’m going to watch
  the tennis match.

2. seeking explanation  
  
formal
semiformal
informal

Would you mind explaining? /

I’d appreciate some explanation./

I don’t understand, I’m afraid./

Could you possibly say why...?

response:
By all means/ Of course/
I’ll be happy to/
Could you be specific?


Do you mind explaining?/

Will you please explain?/

I don’ think I understand/

Can you tell me why...?

response:
Surely/
Certainly /
Can you be specific?

Explain, will you? /

Will you explain?

I don’t understand/

Tell me why...

response:
OK /
You see...
What exactly do you
  want me to  explain?


3. Offering help

formal
semi-formal
informal

May I help you?

How can I help you?

Is there anything
   I can do?           

Can I be of any help to you?        

Let me help you


Do you need any help?

Can I help you?


I can help

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