Sunday, 21 September 2014

Verb Tenses--Future

Verbs, their Tenses and their Forms

Tense forms bring verbs and time together. They act as bridge between verbs and time. They express the time periods (past, present and future) in relation to actions (‘doing’) and states (‘being’).

We express our thoughts through sentences in ‘active’ or ‘passive’ voice (You’ll learn about ‘voices’ in subsection ‘Transformation of Sentences’ in Part II.) We form ‘statement’ or ‘question’ sentences (You’ll learn about these in Part II). The sentences we use are ‘affirmative’ or ‘negative(You’ll learn about ‘negative sentences’ in Part II). We use ‘regular’ and ‘irregular’ and ‘state’ verbs. We use these verbs in the different forms of past, present and future tenses.

As you’ll see, the tables 4.90—4.113 (future) are complete in themselves and provide you with sample sentences (both affirmative and negative, statement and question and all these in active and passive voice)  for finite verbs(regular, irregular, state) in all the forms of the three tenses. You can use these tables to clear your doubts about forming tenses appropriately.

Future Tense

Tenses
                        Forms

Past

Present

Future

simple, progressive, perfect, perfect progressive
simple, progressive, perfect, perfect progressive
simple, progressive, perfect, perfect progressive

In the following pages, you’ll find, in 24 tables, four forms of verbs in the future tense:
   
     4.90—irregular verbs in affirmative statement sentences in active voice
     4.91—regular verbs in affirmative statement sentences in active voice
     4.92—‘State’ verb: Be in affirmative statement sentences in active voice
     4.93—‘State’ verb: Have in affirmative statement sentences in active voice
     4.94—irregular verbs in negative statement sentences in active voice
     4.95—regular verbs in negative statement sentences in active voice
     4.96—‘State’ verb: Be in negative statement sentences in active voice
     4.97—‘State’ verb: Have in negative statement sentences in active voice
     4.98—irregular verbs in question sentences in active voice
     4.99—regular verbs in question sentences in active voice
     4.100—‘State’ verb: Be in question sentences in active voice
     4.101—‘State’ verb: Have in question sentences in active voice
     4.102—irregular verbs in negative question sentences in active voice
     4.103—regular verbs in negative question sentences in active voice
     4.104—‘State’ verb: Be in negative question sentences in active voice
     4.105—‘State’ verb: Have in negative question sentences in active voice 

     4.106—irregular verbs in affirmative statement sentences in passive voice
     4.107—regular verbs in affirmative statement sentences in passive voice
     4.108—irregular verbs in negative statement sentences in passive voice
     4.109—regular verbs in negative statement sentences in passive voice
     4.110—irregular verbs in question sentences in passive voice
     4.111—regular verbs in question sentences in passive voice
     4.112—irregular verbs in negative question sentences in passive voice
     4.113—regular verbs in negative question sentences in passive voice

4.90 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—active voice

Irregular verbs

                                                  future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first     singular
               plural        
I’ll speak
We’ll speak
I’ll be speaking
We’ll be speaking
I’ll have spoken
We’ll have spoken
I’ll have been speaking
We’ll have been speaking
second singular
               plural
You’ll speak
You’ll speak
You’ll be peaking
You’ll be speaking
You’ll have spoken
You’ll have spoken
You’ll have been speaking
You’ll have been speaking
third    singular


             plural
He’ll speak
She’ll speak
It’ll speak  
They’ll speak
He’ll be speaking
She’ll be speaking
It’ll be speaking
They’ll be speaking
He’ll have spoken
She’ll have spoken
It’ll have spoken
They’ll have spoken
He’ll have been speaking
She’ll have been speaking
It’ll have been speaking
They’ll have been speaking

Note:    simple future tense            : ’ll + base verb ¬ for all persons
                   form                                  
                 future progressive             : ’ll + be + -ing to the verb ¬ for all persons
                   tense form                         
                 future perfect tense           : ’ll + have + past participle of the verb ¬ for  all persons
                   form                                   
                 future perfect progressive : ’ll + have + been + -ing to the verb¬ for all persons
                   tense form                          


4.91 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—active voice

regular verbs

                                                    future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first        singular
               plural        
I’ll talk
We’ll talk
I’ll be talking
We’ll be talking
I’ll have talked
We’ll have talked
I’ll have been talking
We’ll have been talking
 second   singular
               plural
You’ll talk
You’ll talk
You’ll be talking
You’ll be talking
You’ll have talked
You’ll have talked
You’ll have been talking
You’ll have been talking
third      singular


              plural  
He’ll talk
She’ll talk
It’ll talk  
They’ll talk
He’ll be talking
She’ll  talking
It’ll be talking
They’ll be talking
He’ll have talked
She’ll have  talked
It’ll have talked
They’ll have talked
He’ll have been talking
She’ll have been talking
It’ll have been talking
They’ll have been talking

Note:     simple future tense            : ’ll + base verb ¬ for all persons
                   form                                  
                 future progressive             : ’ll + be + -ing to the verb ¬ for all persons
                   tense form                         
                 future perfect tense           : ’ll + have + past participle of the verb ¬ for  all persons
                   form                                   
                 future perfect progressive : ’ll + have + been + -ing to the verb¬ for all persons
                 tense form

4.92 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—active voice

‘State’ verb: ‘Be’        
 
                            future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
I’ll be a teacher.
We’ll be teachers.
I’ll have been a teacher.
We’ll have been teachers.
second singular
             plural
You’ll be a teacher.
You’ll be teachers.
You’ll have been a teacher.
You’ll have been teachers.
third    singular

            plural  
He’ll be a teacher.
She’ll be a teacher.
They’ll be teachers.
He’ll have been a teacher.
She’ll have been a teacher.
They’ll have been teachers.
Note: 1. ’ll be  and ’ll have been¬ for all persons
           2.  We don’t use ‘be’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

4.93 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—active voice

'State’ verb: ‘have’
 
                         future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
I’ll have a car.
We’ll have cars.
I’ll have had a car.
We’ll have had cars.
second singular
             plural
You’ll have a car.
You’ll have cars.
You’ll have had a car.
You’ll have had cars.
third    singular

            plural  
He’ll have a car.
She’ll have  a car.
They’ll have cars.
He’ll have had a car.
She’ll have had a car.
They’ll have had cars.

Note: ‘ll have and ‘ll have had¬for all persons
          We don’t use ‘have’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.
_______________________________________________________________________

4.94 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—active voice
Irregular verbs

                                               future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first  singular
             plural       
I’ll not speak
We’ll not speak
I’ll not be speaking
We’ll not be speaking
I’ll not have spoken
We’ll not have  spoken
I’ll not have been speaking
We’ll not have been speaking
second singular
plural
You’ll not speak

You’ll not speak
You’ll not be speaking

You’ll not be speaking
You’ll not have spoken
You’ll not have spoken
You’ll not have been speaking
You’ll not have been speaking
third  singular


      
              plural  
He’ll not speak
She’ll not speak

It’ll not speak  
They’ll not speak
He’ll not be speaking
She’ll not be speaking

It’ll not be speaking
They’ll not be speaking
He’ll not have spoken
She’ll not have spoken

It’ll not have spoken
They’ll not  have spoken
He’ll not have been speaking
She’ll not have been speaking
It’ll not have been speaking
They’ll not  have been speaking

Note: The forms for the meaning of negation:
          1. simple future            : ’ll not + base verb¬for all persons
                 tense form                       
          2. future progressive    : ’ll not + be + -ing to the verb ¬ for all persons
                 tense form                      
           3. future perfect           : ’ll not + have + past participle ¬for all persons
                 tense form                     
            4. future perfect            : ’ll not + have + been + -ing to the verb ¬ for all persons
              progressive tense form 

4.95 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—active voice

regular verbs

                                           future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first      singular
               plural       
I’ll not talk
We’ll not talk
I’ll not be talking
We’ll not be talking
I’ll not have talked
We’ll not have talked
I’ll not have been talking
We’ll not have been talking
second  singular
               plural
You’ll not talk
You’ll not talk
You’ll not be talking
You aren’t talking
You’ll not have talked
You haven’t talked
You’ll not have been talking
You’ll not have been talking
third     singular


              plural  
He’ll not talk
She’ll not talk
It’ll not talk  
They’ll not talk
He’ll not be talking
She’ll not be talking
It’ll not be talking
They’ll not be talking
He’ll not have talked
She’ll not have talked
It’ll not have talked
They’ll not have talked
He’ll not have been talking
She’ll not have been talking
It’ll not have been talking
They’ll not have been talking

Note:     simple future tense            : ’ll + not + base verb ¬ for all persons
                   form                                  
                 future progressive             : ’ll + not  + be + -ing to the verb ¬ for all persons
                   tense form                         
                 future perfect tense           : ’ll + not + have + past participle of the verb ¬ for  all persons
                   form                                   
                 future perfect progressive : ’ll + not + have + been + -ing to the verb¬ for all persons
                   tense form           

4.96 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—active voice 

‘State’ verbs: ‘Be’    

                             future tense forms                                                      
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
I’ll not be a teacher.
We’ll not be teachers.
I’ll not have been a teacher.
We’ll not have been teachers.
second singular
             plural
You’ll not be a teacher.
You’ll not be  teachers.
You’ll not have been a teacher.
You’ll not have been teachers.
third    singular

            plural  
He’ll not be a teacher.
She’ll not be a teacher.
They’ll not be teachers.
He’ll not have been a teacher.
She’ll not have been a teacher.
They’ll not  have been teachers.

Note: 1. ’ll not be  and ’ll not have been¬ for all persons
           2.  We don’t use ‘be’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

4.97 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—active voice

State verb: have

                              future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
I’ll not have a car.
We’ll not have cars.
I’ll not have had a car.
We’ll not have had cars.
second singular
             plural
You’ll not have a car.
You’ll not have cars.
You’ll not have had a car.
You’ll not have had cars.
third    singular

            plural  
He’ll not have a car.
She’ll not have a car.
They’ll not have cars.
He’ll not have had a car.
She’ll not have had a car.
They’ll not have had cars.
Note: 1. ’ll not have and ’ll not have had¬for all persons
            2. We don’t use ‘have’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

4.98 future tense forms in question sentences—active voice
Irregular verbs

                                                  future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first    singular
               plural       
Shall I speak?
Shall We speak?
Shall I be speaking?
Shall we be speaking?
Shall I have spoken?
Shall we have spoken?
Shall I  have been speaking?
Shall we have been speaking?
second singular
             
plural

Will you speak?

Will  you speak?

Will you be speaking?

Will you be speaking

Will you have spoken?
Will you have spoken?

Will you have been speaking?
Will you have been speaking?     
third  singular


          
           plural  
Will he speak?
Will she speak?

Will  it speak?  
Will  they speak?
Will he be speaking?
Will she be speaking

Will it be speaking?
Will they be speaking?
Will he have spoken?
Will she have spoken?

Will it have spoken?
Will they have spoken?
Will he have been speaking?
Will she have been speaking?
Will it have been speaking?
Will they have been speaking?   

Note: Affirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question

          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + base verb ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’                                                  will + subject + base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, 'they'               
          2.  future progressive: shall + subject + be + -ing to the verb¬ for ‘I’  and ‘we’
                                                 will + subject + be + -ing to the base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’,
                                                                                                                                               ‘it’, ‘they’                                              
          3. future perfect       : shall + subject + have + past participle ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                  will + subject + have + past participle¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’,
                                                                                                                                       ‘they’                                                 
            4. future perfect       : shall + subject + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘I’, ‘we’
              progressive              will + subject + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’
                                                                                                                                                 ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’        
4.99 future tense forms in question sentences—active voice

regular verbs

                                           future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first        singular
             
               plural       
Shall I talk?

Shall we talk?
Shall I be talking?

Shall we be talking?
Shall I have talked?

Shall we have talked?
Shall I have been talking?

Shall we have been talking?
second   singular
              
              plural
Will  you talk?

Will you talk?
Will you be talking?

Will you be talking?
Will  you have talked?

Will you have talked?
Will you have been talking?

Will you have been talking?

third      singular


      
               plural  
Will he talk?
Will she talk?
Will  it talk?  

Will they talk?
Will he be talking?
Will she be talking?
Will it be talking?

Will they be talking?
Will he have talked?
Will she have talked?
Will it have talked?

Will they have talked?
Will he have been talking?
Will she have been talking?
will it have been talking?

Will they have been talking?

Note: Affirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question

          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + base verb ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                        will + subject + base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                          

          2.  future progressive: shall + subject + be + -ing to the verb¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                 will + subject + be + -ing to the base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’,
                                                                                                                                               ‘it’, ‘they’                                               
          3. future perfect       : shall + subject + have + past participle ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                  will + subject + have + past participle¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’,
                                                                                                                                       ‘they’                                                 
            4. future perfect       : shall + subject + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for I’, ‘we’   
              progressive               will + subject + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’
                                                                                                                                                 ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’        

4.100 future tense forms in question sentences—active voice
 ‘State’ verb: ‘Be’
 
                              future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
Shall I be a teacher?
Shall we be teachers?
Shall I have been a teacher?
Shall we have been teachers?
second singular
             plural
Will you be a teacher?
Will you be teachers?
Will you have been a teacher?
Will you have been teachers?
third    singular

            plural  
Will he be a teacher?
Will she be a teacher?
Will they be teachers?
Will he have been a teacher?
Will she have been a teacher?
Will they have been teachers?

Note: Affirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question

          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + ‘be’¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                        will + subject + ‘be’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                          

          2. future perfect     : shall + subject + have + ‘been’ ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                will + subject + have + ‘been’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                     
            We don’t use ‘be’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

4.101 future tense forms in question sentences—active voice

'State’ verb: ‘have’
 
                              future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
Shall I have a car?
Shall we have cars?
Shall I have had a car?
Shall we have had cars?
second singular
             plural
Will you have a car?
Will you have cars?
Will you have had a car?
Will you have had cars?
third    singular

            plural  
Does he have a car?
Does she have a car.
Does they have cars?
Will he have had a car?
Will she had had a car?
Will they have had cars?

Note: Affirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + ‘have’ ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                        will + subject + ‘have’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                          

          2. future perfect     : shall + subject + have + ‘had’ ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                will + subject + have + ‘had’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                                                                                                                                                                       
            We don’t use ‘have’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.
______________________________________________________________________

4.102 future tense forms in negative question sentences—active voice
Irregular verbs
                                                  future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first        singular
plural       

Shall  I not speak?
Shall we not speak?

Shall I not be speaking?
Shall we not be speaking?

Shall I not have spoken?
Shall we not have spoken?

Shall  I not have been speaking?
Shall  we not have been speaking?
second  
singular

plural

Will  you not speak?
Will you not speak?

Will you not be speaking?
Will you not be speaking?

Will you not have spoken?
Will you not have spoken?

Will you not have been speaking?
Will you not have been speaking?
third      singular





 plural  

Will he not speak?
Will she not speak?
Will it not speak?
Will they not speak?

Will he not be speaking?
Will she not be speaking?
Will it not be speaking?
Will they not be speaking?

Will he not have spoken?
Will she not have spoken?
Will it not have spoken?
Will they not have spoken?

Will he not have been speaking?
Will she not have been speaking?
Will it not have been speaking?
Will they not have been speaking?

Note: Negative sentence statements become negative questions statements by placing ‘not’ next to 

          the subject in the following ways: 

         1. simple future       : shall + subject + not +base verb ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                         will + subject + not + base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, 'they'    
          2.future progressive: shall + subject +not + be + -ing to the verb¬ for ‘I’  and ‘we’
                                              will + subject + not +be + -ing to the base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’,             
                                                                                                                                               ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                              
         3. future perfect     : shall + subject +not + have + past participle ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                               will + subject + not + have + past participle¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’,
                                                                                                                                                ‘it’, ‘they’                                                 
             4. future perfect     : shall + subject + not + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘I’, ‘we’     
                  progressive            will + subject + not + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘you’,
                                                                                                                                        ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’     
4.103 future tense forms in negative question sentences—active voice
regular verbs
                                                   future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first singular
      
            plural       
Shall I not talk?

Shall we not talk?
Shall we not be talking?
Shall we not be talking?
Shall I not have talked?
Shall we not have talked?
Shall I not have been talking?
Shall we not have been talking?
second   singular
             
 plural

Will you not talk?
Will you not talk?

Will you not be talking?
Will you not be talking?

Will you not have talked?
Will you not have talked?

Will you not have been talking?
Will you not have been talking?
third      singular


            


 plural  

Will he not talk?
Will she not talk?
Will it not talk?

Will they not talk?

Will he not be talking?
Will she not be talking?
Will it not be talking?

Will they not be talking?

Will he not have talked?
Will she not have talked?
Will it not have talked?
Will they not have talked?

Will he not have been talking?
Will she not have been talking?
Will it not have been talking?
Will they not have been talking?

Note: Negative sentence statements become negative questions statements by attaching ‘not’ next to

            the subject in the following ways: 

         1. simple future       : shall + subject + not +base verb ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                      will + subject + not + base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                          

         2. future progressive: shall + subject +not + be + -ing to the verb¬ for ‘I’  and ‘we’
                                              will + subject + not +be + -ing to the base verb¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’,             
                                                                                                                                               ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                              
         3. future perfect     : shall + subject +not + have +past participle ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                               will + subject + not + have + past participle¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’,
                                                                                                                                                ‘it’, ‘they’                                                 
           4. future perfect     : shall + subject + not + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘I’,
                progressive                                                                                                                                ‘we’
                                            will + subject + not + have + been + -ing to base verb¬ for ‘you’,
                                                                                                                                        ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’        
4.104 future tense forms in negative question sentences—active voice

‘State’ verb: ‘Be
 
                              future tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
Shall I not be a teacher?
Shall we not be teachers?
Shall I not have been a teacher?
Shall we not have been teachers?
second singular
             plural
Will you not be a teacher?
Will you not be teachers?
Will you not have been a teacher?
Will you not have been teachers?
third    singular

            plural  
Will he not be a teacher?
Will she not be a teacher?
Will they not be teachers?
Will he not have been a teacher?
Will she not have been a teacher?
Will they not have been teachers?

NoteAffirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question

          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs and placing ‘not’ after the

          subject in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + not + ‘be’¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                        will + subject + not + ‘be’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                          

          2. future perfect     : shall + subject + not + have + ‘been’¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                will + subject + not + have + ‘been’ for ‘you’, ‘he’,
                                                                                                                             ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’             
           We don’t use ‘be’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

4.105 future tense forms in negative question sentences—active voice

‘State’ verb: ‘have’
                              past tense forms
   person
    simple
      perfect
first      singular
             plural       
Shall I not have a car?
Shall we not have cars?
Shall I not have had a car?
Shall we not have had cars?
second singular
             plural
Will you not have a car?
Will you not have cars?
Will you not have had a car?
Will you not have had cars?
third    singular

            plural  
Will he not have a car?
Will she not have a car.
Will they not have cars?
Will he not have had a car?
Will she not have had a car?
Will they not have had cars?

Note: Affirmative sentence statements are changed into affirmative question

          statements by putting the subject in between the verbs in the following ways:

             1. simple future       : shall + subject + not + ‘have’ ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’

                                will + subject + not +’have’ ¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, 'they'                

          2. future perfect     : shall + subject + not + have + ‘had’ ¬ for ‘I’ and ‘we’ 
                                                will + subject + not + have + ‘had’¬ for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’,
                                                                                                                                ‘they’                   
            We don’t use ‘be’ in ‘progressive’ tenses.

You’ve seen how we use the present tense forms of irregular and regular verbs in affirmative, negative and question statements in active voice. Now you’ll see how we use the past tense forms of irregular and regular verbs in affirmative, negative and question statements in passive voice.

Don’t worry now about what active and passive voices are. You’ll see what they are and to what purpose they are used in the section on ‘transformation of sentences’.  Now, just learn the structure of passive voice.

4.106 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—passive voice

Irregular verbs

                                                        future tense forms
   person
Simple
  progressive
perfect
  perfect        progressive    
first        singular
               plural       
I’ll be hit
We’ll be hit
I’ll be being hit
       -----------
I’ll have been hit
We’ll have been hit
I’ll have been being hit
       --------------
second   singular                         
              plural
You’ll be hit
You’ll be hit
       -----------
       -----------
You’ll have been hit
You’ll have been hit
        -------------  
        ------------
third     singular


             plural  
He’ll be hit
She’ll be hit
It’ll be hit
They’ll be hit
       -----------
       -----------
       -----------
       -----------
He’ll have been hit
She’ll have been hit
It’ll have been hit
They’ll have been hit
         -----------
         -----------
         -----------
         -----------
   
Note: This table shows you how to use future tense forms of irregular verbs in passive      
          voice:                        
          simple future      :   auxiliary verb + be + past participle (p.p.) of  verb
                                           1               2              3                                                    
                                              I’ll be hit.    He’ll be hit.
                                               1  2  3          1  2   3
         future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech and writing.

          future perfect      : auxiliary verb + have + been + past participle
                                                 1                  2          3                 4
                                               I’ll have been hit.      He’ll have been hit
                                                    1    2     3     4           1   2     3     4
         future perfect progressive: This structure is most rate (almost never used) in speech or writing.

4.107 future tense forms in affirmative statement sentences—passive voice

regular verbs

                                                    future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
   perfect progress
first   singular
             
          plural       
I’ll be watched

We’ll be watched
I’ll be being watched

        ---------------
I’ll have been watched

We’ll have been watched
I’ll have been being watched

         ------------
second singular
             
            
 plural

You’ll be watched


You’ll be watched

        --------------



         --------------

You’ll have been watched

You’ll have been watched
      
          ------------

      
          -----------
third   singular

plural                         
He’ll be watched
She’ll be watched
It’ll be watched  
They’ll be watched
         -------------
         -------------
         -------------
         -------------
He’ll have been watched
She’ll have been watched
It’ll have been watched
They’ll have been watched
          -----------
          -----------

          ----------
          ----------

Note: This table shows you how to use future tense forms of irregular verbs in passive voice:                        
          simple future      :   auxiliary verb + be + past participle (p.p.) of  verb
                                           1               2              3                                                    
                                              I’ll be watched.    He’ll be watched.
                                               1  2       3              1  2       3
         future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech and writing.

          future perfect      : auxiliary verb + have + been + past participle
                                                 1                  2          3                 4
                                               I’ll have been watched.      He’ll have been watched
                                                    1    2     3         4                 1   2      3        4
         future perfect progressive: This structure is most rate (almost never used) in speech or writing.

4.108 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—passive voice
Irregular verbs
                                                        future tense forms
   person
Simple
  progressive
perfect
  perfect        progressive    
first        singular
               plural       
I’ll not be hit
We’ll not be hit
I’ll not be being hit
        ---------
I’ll  not have been hit
We’ll not have been hit
I’ll not have been being hit
       --------------
second   singular
                        
              plural
You’ll not be hit

You’ll not be hit
         ---------

         ---------
You’ll not have been hit
You’ll not have been hit
        ------------- 

        ------------
third     singular


             plural  
He’ll not be hit

She‘ll not be hit

It’ll not be hit
They‘ll not be hit
         ---------

          --------

          --------
          --------
He’ll not have been hit
She’ll not have been hit
It’ll not have been hit
They’ll not have been hit
         -----------

         -----------

         -----------
         -----------
   
Note: The forms for the meaning of negation:
          1. simple future        : ‘ll + not + be + past participle ¬ for all persons                                              
          2. future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
           3. future perfect       : ‘ll + not + have + been + past participle¬ for all persons
            4. future perfect progressive in passive voice is most rare (almost never used) in speech and
                 writing.

4.109 future tense forms in negative statement sentences—passive voice

regular verbs

                                                    future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
   perfect progressive
first  singular             
         plural          
       
I’ll not be watched
We’ll not be watched
I’ll not be being watched
     ----------
I’ll not have been watched
We’ll not have been watched
I’ll not have been being watched         
         ------------
second  singular
             
            
plural               

You’ll not be watched 

You’ll not be watched

       ----------


       --------- 

You’ll not have been watched 

You’ll not have been watched

        ------------
      

          -----------
third   singular


            
          

plural
  

He’ll not be watched

She’ll not be watched

It’ll not be watched 

They’ll not be  watched

        ----------


         ----------


         ----------

         ----------

He’ll not have been watched
She’ll  not have been watched
It’ll not have been watched

They’ll not have been watched
        
          -----------
        
           -----------
         
            ----------
         
             ----------

Note: The forms for the meaning of negation:
          1. simple future        : ‘ll + not + be + past participle ¬ for all persons                                               
          2. future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
           3. future perfect       : ‘ll + not + have + been + past participle¬ for all persons
            4. future perfect progressive in passive voice is most rare (almost never used) in speech and
                 writing.

4.110 future tense forms in question sentences—passive voice
Irregular verbs

                                                        future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first        singular

               plural       
Shall I be hit?

Shall we be hit?
Shall I be being  hit?

        -----------
Shall I have been hit?
Shall we have been hit
Shall I have been being hit?
       --------------
second   singular
                        
              plural
will you be hit?

Will you be hit?
        -----------

        -----------
Will you have been hit?
Will you have been hit?
        -------------  

        ------------
third     singular





            plural  
Will he be hit?

Will she be hit?

Will it be hit?  

Will they be hit?
         ----------

         ----------

         ----------

         ----------       
Will he have been hit?
Will she have been hit?
Will it have been hit?
Will they have been hit?
         -----------

         -----------

         -----------

         -----------
   
Note: The subject is placed in between auxiliary (helping) verb and the past participle:

          1. simple future           : shall+ subject + be + past participle¬for ‘I’ and ‘we’
                                      will + subject + be + past participle¬for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’
          2. future progressive  : This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
          3. future perfect          : shall + subject + have + been + past participle¬for ‘I’ and ‘we’
                                               will + subject + have + been + past participle¬for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’,
                                                                                                                                               ‘it’, ‘they’                                                   
          4. future perfect progressive: This is rarely used (almost never used) in speech or writing

4.111 future tense forms in question statements—passive voice
regular verbs
                                                    future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
 perfect    progressive
first  singular         
   
                  
         plural       
Shall I be  watched?


Shall we be watched?
Shall I be being watched?

      ------------
Shall I have been watched?

Shall we have been watched?
Shall I have been being    
watched?

         ------------
second  singular                

plural
             

Will you be watched?

Will  you  be watched?

       ------------

       ------------

Will you have been watched?
Will you have been watched?
       
          ------------    

          ------------
third   singular

          
        


plural  

Will he be watched?

Will she be watched?

Will it be watched?  

Will they be watched?

        ------------

        ------------

        ------------

        ------------

Will he have been watched?
Will she have been watched?
Will it have been watched?
Will they have been watched?
     
           -----------

           -----------  
  
           ----------

            ----------

Note: The subject is placed in between auxiliary (helping) verb and the past participle:
          1. simple future           : shall+ subject + be +past participle¬for ‘I’ and ‘we’
                                               will + subject + be + past participle¬for ‘you, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                       
          2. future progressive  :  This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
          3. future perfect          : will + subject + have + been + past participle¬for ‘you, ‘he’,
                                                                                                                                           ‘she’, ‘it’,they’
          4. future perfect progressive: This is rarely used (almost never used) in speech or writing.

4.112 future tense forms in negative question sentences—active voice

Irregular verbs

                                                        future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
perfect progressive
first        singular            
                         
               plural       
Shall I not be hit?

Shall we not be hit?
Shall I not be being  hit?
         -----------
Shall I not have been hit?
Shall I not have been hit?
Shall I not have been being hit?
    
        --------------
second   singular                         
            
               plural
Will you not be hit?
Will you not be hit?
         ------------

         ------------
Will you not have been hit?
Will you not have been hit?
        -------------    
  
         ------------
third     singular


             plural  
Will he not be hit?

Will she not be  hit?
Will it not be hit?
 
Will they not be hit?
         ------------

         -----------

         -----------

         ----------- 
Will he not have been hit?
Will she not have been hit?
Will it not have been hit?
Will they not have been hit?
         -----------

         -----------

         -----------

         -----------
   

Note: The subject is placed in between auxiliary (helping) verb and the past participle:

            1. simple future         : shall + subject + not + be + past participle¬for ‘I’ and ‘we’
                                          will + subject + not + be + past participle¬for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’
                                                                                                                   ‘they’
            2. future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
            3. future perfect        : shall + subject + not +have + been + past participle¬for ‘I’ and 'we'
                                                                                                                                                                              will + subject +not + have + been + past participle¬for ‘you’, ‘he’, 'she', 'it', 'they'                                                                                                                                                                                                 
            4. future  perfect progressive is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.

 113 future tense forms in negative question sentences—passive voice

regular verbs

                                                    future tense forms
   person
simple
  progressive
perfect
   perfect progressive
first  singular
             
 plural       
Shall I not be watched?

Shall we not be watched?
Shall I not be being watched?

       ------------ 
Shall I not have been watched?

Shall we not have been watched?
Shall I not have been being watched?

         ------------
second  singular
             
            
 plural

will you not be
watched?
Will you not be 
watched?

        ------------

        ------------


Will you not have been watched?
Will you not have been watched?
      
         ------------       

          -----------
third   singular


            
          

plural  

Will he not be watched?
Will she not be watched?
Will it not be watched?  
Will they not be  watched?

         ------------

         ------------




Will he not have been watched?
Will she not have been watched?
Will it not have been watched?
Will they not have been watched?
        
           -----------     

           -----------         
   
            ----------
    
             ----------

Note: The subject is placed in between auxiliary (helping) verb and the past participle:

            1. simple future: shall+ subject + not + be + past participle¬for ‘I’ and ‘we’
                                       will + subject + not + be + past participle¬for ‘you’, ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’, 'they'
                                                                                                                                         
            2. future progressive: This structure is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.
            3. future perfect : shall + subject + not + have +been + past participle¬for ‘I’, ‘we’      
                                        will + subject + not + have + been + past participle ¬for ‘you’, ‘he’,
                                                    ‘she’, ‘it’, ‘they’                                             
            4. future perfect progressive: This is most rare (almost never used) in speech or writing.

Special Note

4.114 ‘State’ verbs (‘be’ and ‘have’) are not used in the passive voice.
________________________________________________________________________vereb Tena